Belgrade city, Serbia
Belgrade offers a lot of attractions and experiences to its visitors. Surrender to the exuberant charms of the capital city and immerse yourself into its fascinating atmosphere. Tours of Belgrade are carefully designed and launched for guests by the Far &Away Travel agency.
Belgrade is a City of Festivals and cultural happenings, but it is not famous only for these reasons. Its nightlife, national cuisine with big dishes and well known ``Rakija`` made of different fruits grown in our regions are also very well known. ``Burek``, ``Sarma``, ``Cevapi``, ``Ajvar`` and ``Kobasica`` are words which have entered all languages of the world.
Join this tour to have an overview of the best known landmarks of Belgrade and an introduction to the history of two Serbian royal dynasties which ruled Serbia from the 19th till the mid-20th century and liberated Serbia from the Ottoman reign.
Belgrade and its surroundings date back from the Celtic period, between the 4th and 3rd century B.C. A settlement named Singidunum was set up and subsequently occupied by the Romans at the beginning of the 1st century B.C. As a crossroad between the East and West and as an important strategic point, through its history Belgrade suffered battles and wars and has been destroyed and re-built over 40 times. After the Celts and Romans, many rulers came one after another: Byzantines, Hungarians, Bulgarians, Turks and Austrians, each of them leaving their mark. Old Roman and medieval buildings almost disappeared and long-lasting Ottomans rule left barely some. Belgrade lies at the confluence of the Sava and Danube Rivers.
Kalemegdan Fortress dates back from the Neolithic period. Its urban character started in the early A.C. when the Romans built their Castrum. The Fortress stands high above the Sava and Danube Rivers with a spacious plateau surrounding the Fortress divided to Gornji and Donji Grad (Upper and Lower Fortress). Key moments in its development were during ByzantiumTsar Justinian (6th century) and Serbian ruler Stefan Lazarevic (14th century), as well as at the end of the 17th century when the Fortress was reconstructed according to designs drawn by Italian engineer Andre Kornaro.
Today the remnants of Fortress are a part of the vast Kalemegdan Park and a real gem, symbol of the City.